Вторник, 28 мая 2024

Кипру плохо дается устойчивое развитие

Фото freepik.com
Фото freepik.com

Кипр занимает последнее место среди стран ЕС в отчете по устойчивому развитию. Значительно ухудшились показатели в категориях «Борьба с изменением климата» и «Мир, справедливость и институты».

Действующая под эгидой ООН Сеть организаций для выработки решений, способствующих устойчивому развитию, опубликовала свой отчет за 2023 год. О показателях Кипра рассуждает экономист Чарльз Эллинас.

Эксперты ООН ежегодно изучают прогресс, достигнутый в 166 странах по 17 целям устойчивого развития. Исследование ведется с 2015 года.

Страны оценивают по следующим критериям:
– борьба с бедностью;
– здоровье и благополучие населения;
– доступная и чистая энергетика;
– меры по борьбе с изменением климата;
– качественное образование;
– промышленность, инновации и инфраструктура;
– гендерное равенство;
– мир, справедливость и институты.

Результаты этого года показывают, что ни одна страна не сможет достичь целей устойчивого развития, поставленных ООН к 2030 году. Говоря о неутешительных результатах, Генеральный секретарь ООН Антониу Гутерриш призвал мировых лидеров собраться на саммите в сентябре, чтобы обсудить план по спасению планеты.

«Мы столкнулись с долгосрочными вызовами, решение которых должно стать глобальным приоритетом для грядущего поколения», – пишут авторы исследования. Они рекомендовала всем странам принять меры для достижения целей устойчивого развития в течение оставшихся семи лет.

Показатели Кипра в рейтинге стремительно снижаются. В 2020 году страна занимала 34-е место. В 2021 году опустилась на 40-ю позицию, в 2022-м – на 43-ю, а теперь упала до 59-й строчки.

Кипр занимает последнее место среди стран ЕС. Он показал гораздо худшие результаты, чем вторая с конца Болгария, находящаяся на 44-й позиции в общем рейтинге.

Категории, в которых показатели Кипра значительно ухудшились, это «Борьба с изменением климата» и «Мир, справедливость и институты». Единственный показатель, в достижении которого Кипр преуспел, – это «Сокращение неравенства».

«Можно было бы сказать, что 59-е место среди 166 стран – это не катастрофический показатель. Однако последнее место среди стран Евросоюза и падение на 16 позиций можно рассматривать только как катастрофу», – пишет эксперт.

Эти результаты вызывают еще большее беспокойство в сочетании с новостями о том, что Кипр третий год подряд опустился в рейтинге конкурентоспособности, о чем мы писали здесь. Сферы, в которых показатели Кипра снижаются, это экономические показатели, эффективность государственного управления, эффективность бизнеса и инфраструктура.

Конкурентоспособность и устойчивое развитие – это сферы, в которых Кипр должен был бы преуспевать, а не догонять остальные страны Евросоюза. «Мы должны перейти от обманчивой риторики к реальности и действиям. Но сначала мы должны признать наши серьезные недостатки, чтобы эффективно устранить их. Если хотим, чтобы страна обратила вспять регресс и стала двигаться вперед. У нас есть человеческий капитал и потенциал, ресурсы и способность сделать это. Киприоты по натуре предприимчивы и смогут многого достичь», – заключает эксперт.

С самим исследованием можно ознакомиться здесь.

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