Суббота, 24 февраля 2024

Количество заявок на убежище растет

Фото philenews.com

В мае 2022 года на Кипре было зарегистрировано в общей сложности 2560 новых прошений о предоставлении убежища. Это на 530 заявлений больше, чем в апреле 2022 года. Статистику публикует «Евростат».

Ситуация одинакова на всей территории ЕС

В мае 2022 года число новых просителей убежища в Европейском союзе увеличилось на 17% по сравнению с апрелем этого года и на 89% по сравнению с маем 2021 года. В абсолютных цифрах ситуация выглядит следующим образом: в мае 2021 года – 33 385 заявок, в апреле 2022 года – 54 145, в мае 2022 – 63 105.

На Кипре в мае 2021 года было зарегистрировано в общей сложности 1175 заявок на статус беженца, в апреле 2022 года – 2030, в мае 2022 года – 2560.

Больше всего новых прошений на Кипре в мае этого года зарегистрировано от граждан Нигерии (460 человек), Сирии (420 человек), Демократической Республики Конго (390 человек), Пакистана (265 человек) и Афганистана (240 человек). Этот список немного отличается от того, что был актуален для мая 2021 года, в нем нет Сомали и Индии, зато добавились Нигерия и Афганистан.

С Востока заявок растет, из Украины – снижается

По данным «Евростата», рост числа беженцев на уровне всего ЕС в период с апреля по май 2022 года отчасти объясняется увеличением миграционных потоков из Венесуэлы (+32%, с 3655 до 4820) и Сирии (+24%, с 6485 до 8025).

В мае этого года в Евросоюзе большинство новых прошений о предоставлении убежища было подано гражданами Сирии (8025 заявлений), за которыми следуют граждане Афганистана (7695), Венесуэлы (4820), Колумбии (3535) и Пакистана (2890). Количество заявок на статус беженца от граждан Украины серьезно сократилось: с 12 885 в марте до 1510 в апреле и 1295 в мае.

Больше всего беженцев прибывает в Германию

22% от всех заявок на статус беженца было подано в Германии (в абсолютных цифрах — 13 855). За ней по количеству новых заявок следуют Испания (10 200 или 16% от общего числа), Франция (9800, примерно те же 16%), Италия (6450 или 10%) и Австрия (5645 или 9%). Новые заявки на статус беженца в этих пяти государствах дают 73% от всех новых заявок в ЕС.

2635 заявок были поданы несопровождаемыми несовершеннолетними, что на 97% больше, чем в мае 2021 года, когда это число составляло 1335, и на 17% больше, чем в апреле 2022 года (2260). Большинство из них прибыли из  Афганистана (1215 человек), Сирии (460 человек) и Сомали (165 человек). Тремя государствами, в которых в мае 2022 года было подано наибольшее количество заявлений от несопровождаемых несовершеннолетних, стали Австрия (770 человек), Германия (435 человек) и, внезапно, Болгария (320 человек).

Пятеро организаторов трафика задержаны

Тем временем пять человек были задержаны по подозрению в организации человеческого трафика и помощи гражданам третьих стран незаконно проникнуть на территорию Республики Кипр.

Как сообщил представитель полиции Христос Андреу, около 14:15 в среду 24 августа у Каво Греко была обнаружена лодка. Два часа спустя к ней подошел катер портовой полиции. Инспекторы обнаружили на борту пятерых взрослых мужчин из Сирии. Около 19:00 в поле зрения стражей порядка попала еще одна лодка. В ней находились 32 беженца. Все они – мужчины. Из них семеро –несовершеннолетние. Оба судна были в очень плохом состоянии и медленно тонули. Из-за этого всех пассажиров собрали на катере и доставили в Паралимни. Беженцы сообщили полиции, что они отплыли рано утром в среду 24 августа от побережья Сирии.

Меры приняты

По словам Андреу, в ходе полицейского опроса появились показания против пяти мужчин, которые, по-видимому, причастны к организации трафика. Дальнейшее расследование выявило: одному из них запрещен въезд в Республику Кипр, так как ранее он был депортирован. Пятеро мужчин были арестованы и предстанут перед судом. Остальные прибывшие переведены в центр приема беженцев «Пурнара».

Около 15:00 25 августа у Каво Греко была обнаружена третья лодка, на борту которой находились 17 человек.

 

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