Пятница, 1 декабря 2023

Какие расстройства становятся летальными

Фото freepik.com
Фото freepik.com

193 893 человека умерли в Европейском союзе в 2020 году в результате психических расстройств и расстройств поведения. Это составляет 3,7% от всех смертей в ЕС. Данные приводит Евростат.

Психические расстройства и расстройства поведения включают деменцию, шизофрению, а также расстройства, связанные с употреблением психоактивных веществ типа алкоголя и наркотиков. На Кипре уровень смертности от алкоголя – самый низкий в сообществе.

Стандартизированный уровень смертности от психических расстройств и расстройств поведения в ЕС составил 39,1 смертей на 100 000 человек. Уровень смертности среди мужчин (40,1) выше, чем среди женщин (36,8). В 2011 году, с которым сравнивают нынешние результаты, уровень смертности составлял 28,6 на 100 000 человек.

Смертность, вызванная употреблением алкоголя, составила 3,6 погибших на 100 000 человек (в 2011 году – 3,2 погибших). Этот показатель был особенно высок в некоторых странах ЕС: Словении (17,3 смертей на 100 000 жителей), Польше (10,1), Дании (7,3), Хорватии (6,5), Австрии и Латвии (обе по 6,2). На другом конце шкалы оказались Греция, Италия, Мальта (во всех трех странах – по 0,4 погибших от алкоголя), Испании и на Кипре (в обеих странах – по 0,5).

Вместе с тем в ЕС растет уровень смертности от деменции. Это заболевание стало причиной 32,6 смертей на 100 000 жителей. По сравнению с 2011 годом зафиксирован существенный рост – на 9,3 погибших на 100 000 жителей. За рост показателя ответственно такое явление как старение населения, поскольку деменция чаще развивается у людей старше 65.

Среди стран ЕС стандартизированный уровень смертности от деменции был значительно высок на Мальте (80,1 смертей на 100 000 жителей), в Нидерландах (68), Швеции (57,5), Дании (53,3) и Германии (52,3). И наоборот, самые низкие показатели смертности от деменции были зафиксированы в Румынии (0,03 случая смерти на 100 000 жителей), Словении (0,5), Болгарии (1,0) и Польше (1,2). На Кипре показатель выше среднего по Евросоюзу – 38 смертей на 100 000 жителей.

Текст подготовлен по материалам Евростата.

Другие новости

Недавно мы приводили статистику, согласно которой 63% киприотов сталкивались с эмоциональными или психосоциальными проблемами за последний год. В среднем по Евросоюзу этот показатель равен 46%. Подробнее по ссылке.

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