Четверг, 20 июня 2024

На Кипре умирают роженицы

Фото freepik.com
Фото freepik.com

Смертность в родах на Кипре более чем удвоилась за последние 20 лет, вопреки глобальным тенденциям. Сегодня страна демонстрирует один из худших показателей во всем мире.

Всемирная организация здравоохранения представила рейтинг стран по коэффициенту материнской смертности за период с 2000 по 2020 годы. Отчет опубликован 27 февраля, сообщает издание Cyprus Mail.

Республика Кипр оказалась в числе государств с самыми высокими показателями смертности во время родов. Наравне с Венесуэлой, Грецией, США, Маврикием, Пуэрто-Рико, Белизом и Доминиканской Республикой.

Коэффициент материнской смертности определяется как смертность женщины репродуктивного возраста (15-49 лет) во время родов на каждые 100 000 живорождений. И он значительно увеличился на Кипре в процентном отношении за 20 лет. В 2000 году было зарегистрировано четыре случая смерти во время родов, которые к 2020 году возросли до девяти. Коэффициент составил 33 и 68 соответственно.

Подробная статистика выглядит так:
– в 2000 году четыре смерти во время родов,
– в 2005 году три смерти,
– в 2010 четыре смерти,
– в 2015 шесть смертей,
– в 2020 девять смертей.

2020 год был признан ВОЗ кризисным годом для Кипра.

Кипр занимает первое место в Евросоюзе по количеству операций кесарева сечения. Согласно данным Министерства здравоохранения, в 2020-м менее половины родов были естественными.

Генеральный директор ВОЗ Тедрос Аданом Гебреисус назвал глобальные цифры «отрезвляющими». Он заявил, что «роды должны быть временем жизни, а не смерти». Во всем мире в 2020 году каждый день около 800 женщин (то есть одна женщина почти каждые две минуты) умирали от предотвратимых причин, связанных с беременностью и родами.

Цель ВОЗ состоит в том, чтобы к 2030 году снизить материнскую смертность до менее чем 70 случаев на 100 000 живорождений. «Мы должны для начала определить, где наши системы здравоохранения терпят неудачу. Важно инвестировать в укрепление их людьми, инструментами и знаниями, необходимыми для оказания качественной медицинской помощи, которая изменит ситуацию к лучшему», – сказал Гебреисус.

Он добавил, что слишком много женщин по-прежнему не имеют доступа к практикам, предотвращающим материнскую смертность. «Ситуация во многих местах усугубляется последствиями изменения климата и затяжных конфликтов, а также перегруженностью систем здравоохранения, которым не хватает предметов первой необходимости и медикаментов», – добавил глава ВОЗ.

ВОЗ призвал мировых лидеров принять меры, чтобы положить конец материнской смертности, инвестировать в здоровье женщин и детей, чтобы они «не просто выживали, а процветали».

Читайте также о шокирующих условиях содержания пожилых пациентов в государственных больницах.

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