Среда, 28 февраля 2024

Как сэкономить на электроэнергии?

Фото powerwizard.com

Средняя цена электричества за киловатт-час в 2018 году была 0,1602 евро, в 2017 — 0,1412 евро, в 2016 — 0,1196 евро. Рекордная цена зафиксирована в 2012 году — 0,236 евро. На фоне таких цен хочется знать, как правильно экономить электроэнергию и деньги.

Граждане, компании и государственные организации Кипра в 2018 году израсходовали в общей сложности 4,57 млрд кВт-ч, заплатив за них 731,69 млн евро. Рекорд сохраняется за 2012 годом, когда стоимость всей потребленной электроэнергии составила 399,57 млн евро.

Пользуясь электроприборами, мы часто не задумываемся, каков их вклад в итоговый счет за свет. В тройку лидеров по потреблению входят: электрическая сушка одежды, бойлер для воды и электрочайник.

Стоимость потребляемого электричества в стандартных домашних условиях:

Сушка для одежды: 0,9079 евро за 104 минуты работы при загрузке 7 кг одежды.
Бойлер на 80 литров: 0,6948 евро за 1 час работы при нагреве до 50 градусов.
Электрочайник на 1,7 литров: 0,6948 евро за 1 час работы.
Стиральная машина: 0,4956 евро за 130 минут работы при загрузке 6 кг белья и температуре 60 градусов.
Посудомоечная машина: 0,3474 евро за 86 минут без нагрева воды.
Холодильник: 0,3127 евро за 1 день работы.
Морозильная камера: 0,3821 евро за 1 день работы.
Стеклокерамическая электропанель: 0,4632 евро за 1 час работы при четырех включенных конфорках.
Электрическая духовка с конвекцией: 0,2061 евро за 1 час работы.
Вытяжка: 0,0396 евро за 1 час работы.
Тостер: 0,3474 евро за 1 час работы.
Миксер вместимостью 6,7 литров: 0,2779 евро за 1 час работы.
Телевизор LCD с диагональю 32-37 дюймов: 0,0463 евро за 1 час работы.
Плазма с диагональю 42 дюйма: 0,0695 евро за 1 час работы.
Кондиционер 9000 БТЕ: 0,1853 евро за 1 час работы.
Кондиционер 12000 БТЕ: 0,2663 евро за 1 час работы.
Кондиционер 18000 БТЕ: 0,3821 евро за 1 час работы.
Кондиционер 22000 БТЕ: 0,5095 евро за 1 час работы.
Фен: 0,4632 евро за 1 час работы.
Электрообогреватель: 0,4632 евро за 1 час работы
Галогеновый обогреватель: 0,2548 евро за 1 час работы.
Пылесос: 0,4632 евро за 1 час работы.
Компьютер: 0,0695 евро за 1 час работы.
Принтер, факс, копир: 0,0347 евро за 1 час работы.
Лампа накаливания на 60 ватт: 0,0139 евро за 1 час работы.
Лампа накаливания на 100 ватт: 0,0232 евро за 1 час работы.
Лампочка LED 21W: 0,0049 евро за 1 час работы.
Лампочка LED 18W: 0,0042 евро за 1 час работы.
Галогеновая лампа на 35W: 0,0081 евро за 1 час работы.
Музыкальный проигрыватель: 0,0139 евро за 1 час работы.

Все цены рассчитаны, исходя из средней стоимости электричества в ноябре и декабре 2019 года (0,2316 евро за кВ-ч) с учетом НДС.

Если вы хотите экономить на электричестве, следуйте этим советам:

– включайте бойлер только тогда, когда есть потребность в горячей воде, не оставляйте его работать без цели;

– ставьте посуду для приготовления пищи на те конфорки, которые подходят ей по диаметру — если дно кастрюли на 1-2 см меньше конфорки, вы впустую тратите 20-30% электроэнергии;

– использование скороварки позволяет экономить 30-60% электричества и 80% времени;

– не прогревайте заранее духовку и не открывайте ее дверцу часто;

– поставьте холодильник подальше от плиты и любого другого источника тепла, в том числе, окон;

– если холодильник не размораживается автоматически, делайте это самостоятельно и регулярно — наледь в 5 мм увеличивает потребление электроэнергии на треть;

– выставите температуру внутри холодильника на 7 градусов, а в морозилке — на -18, так вы сэкономите до 15% электроэнергии;

– замените старую стиралку на современную, с меньшим потреблением воды и электричества, самый идеальный вариант — машинка типа Hot Fill, которая подключается к солнечной батарее;

– не оставляйте включенными телевизор, кофемашину, утюг и прочие приборы;

– не выключайте электротехнику с пульта, так она остается в режиме stand-by;

– при покупке техники обращайте внимание на маркировку и выбирайте приборы со знаком А++ или А+.

 

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