Четверг, 7 декабря 2023

Из охоты в торговлю: как менялся рынок труда Кипра

Фото regionsjob.com

Статистическая служба Республики Кипр опубликовала интересное исследование, посвященное рынку рабочей силы на Кипре и тому, как он менялся за последние 20 лет.

В 1999 году на острове было 279 259 жителей, трудящихся в разных сферах. Из них 166 108 мужчин и 113 151 женщина. В 2018 году число работающих увеличилось до 400 878 человек, из которых 210 162 — мужчины, 190 716 — женщины. Что касается числа работодателей, то их в 1999 году было 13 910 человек (12 603 мужчины и 1 306 женщин), а в 2018 – 8 703 (7 040 мужчин и 1 663 женщины).

Двадцать лет назад число самозанятых граждан равнялось 45 662, из них 34 651 мужчина и 11 011 женщин. А в 2018 году самозанятых было 41 843, из которых мужчины составляли 25 449 человек, а женщины – 16 394. Уменьшилось и число семейных предприятий, в которых двадцать лет назад были заняты 6 124 человека (из них 5 336 женщин), а в прошлом году – 2 686 человек (из них 1 396 женщин). Количество наемных сотрудников в 1999 году составляло 213 564 человека, а в 2018 году – 347 645 человек.

В середины 90-х ВВП Кипра на 73% состоял из третичного сектора экономики (то есть, сферы услуг). В 2013 году этот показатель вырос до 86%.

Демографический раздел исследования Статистической службы Республики Кипр показывает, что 1881 году на острове проживали 186 173 человек, 16,9% жили в городах, остальные – в деревнях. В 1976 году в городах жили уже 52,6% населения острова, в 1982 году – 63,5%.

В 2018 году 8 692 человека вели деятельность в сельскохозяйственном секторе, животноводстве, охоте и лесодобыче (в 1999 их было 12 032), 470 занимались добычей минералов и полезных ископаемых (в 1999 году – 387), 27 564 человека работали на заводах (в 1999 году – 37 700), 1 885 человек занимались электроснабжением и добычей газа (в 1999 году – 2 356 человек), в строительстве работали 33 462 человека (в 1999 году – 27 536 человек), в оптово-розничной торговле трудились 74 328 человек (в 1999 году – 51 999). В июне 2019 года 22 238 человек были официально зарегистрированы как безработные.

За двадцать лет разительно выросло число помощников по домашнему хозяйству, которых в 1995 году насчитывалось 4 тысячи человек, а в 2011 году стало 26 200 человек, то есть по одному помощнику в каждом десятом доме. В 2018 году число домохозяйств нанимающих помощников по дому равнялось 13 281. Для сравнения, в 2014 их было 19 669, а в 2016 – 11 800.

В 2018 году на острове трудились 28 890 сотрудников из третьих стран и 45 383 гражданина Европы.


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